## Learning Disorders in Math/Dyscalculia

Dyscalculia is a specific learning disorder that affects an individual’s ability to learn, understand, and perform tasks related to numbers. Not all students who have math learning differences will receive a diagnosis of dyscalculia. For example, some students struggle only with math calculation (e.g., accurately completing pencil and paper math problems), while others struggle to read a math story problem and understand what to do with all of the provided information. Math learning differences are often noticed when a student first begins to learn math concepts.

Since math is taught in a sequential manner (e.g., an individual first learns addition and then subtraction), weaknesses in early math skills will have a negative impact on more advanced applications of math. Individuals who have been diagnosed with a specific learning disorder in math often struggle to connect numbers to what numbers represent. This means that a student with a math learning difference struggles to connect the number 12 with twelve objects and will subsequently have difficulty determining what number is larger: 12 or 13. Contact us to schedule an evaluation.

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Resources

How to help kids with dyscalculia

Classroom accommodations for dyscalculia

Math Fact Lab (fluency practice)

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Referrals

Andy Dass at Tangletown Math Tutors

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Books

How the Brain Learns Mathematics

The Number Sense: How the Brain Learns Mathematics

Discovering Dyscalculia: One Family's Journey with a Math Disability

My Thirteenth Winter: A Memoir

Cassidy and the Mixed Up Numbers

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